Baba Ramdevji is a folk-deity of Rajasthan in India. He was a saint of the fourteenth century who devoted his life to the upliftment of the downtrodden. Ramdevji was a Tanwar Rajput.
While Hindus regard him as an incarnation of Lord Krishna, Muslims venerate him as Ramshah Pir. He is said to have had miraculous powers, and his fame reached far and wide. Baba Ramdevji believed in the equality of all human beings, be they high or low, rich or poor.
He helped the down-trodden by granting them their wishes. Baba Ramdev is often depicted on horseback. His worship crosses the Hindu-Muslim divide as well as the distinctions of caste.
His followers include caste Hindus and the Dalits in modern-day Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, Mumbai, Delhi and also in Sindh in Pakistan. Several Rajasthani melas (fairs or festivals) are held to commemorate him.
A wonderful pilgrim centre which symbolises national unity and communal harmony as devotees of all religion come here to pay homage.
The majestic Shri Ramdev temple at Ramdevra, Runicha, 13 kms from Pokram in Jaisalmer district, houses the shrine of Ramdev. He is believed to have been incarnated on earth for the benefit of humanity and was born in the houses of Ajmalji in the Tomar Rajput family.
Since childhood, he performed many miracles and won the hearts of the people. He also performed a miracle before him. He is also believed to have killed a demon called Bhairav.
Ramdevji chose Ramadevra as the place where he attained a Samadhj and went into a divine state of meditation. Nevertheless many people claim to have seen him on horse-back.
The old cenotaph was built in the memory of Shri Ramdeoji by descendants but the present cenotaph was built by Maharaja Shri Ganga Singhji of Bikaner at Shri Ramdevra Runecha.
The king was aware of the powers of Baba Ramdevji whom he regarded like a deity. The tomb of Shri Ramdevji is worshipped here. This tomb or cenotaph is at the centre of the temple campus. The head is towards north while the feet are towards South. In this temple various tombs of the family members of Shri Ramdevji are also there while in Hindudharma the dead bodies are cremated, here like the Nath cult, the dead bodies are assigned to dust in a grave and a tomb is built thereon.
The orginal temple was quite ordinary but the present temple is beautiful, built by the local masons, sculptors and artisans. Various kinds of lattices, projections and Jharokhas (a projected construction covered by lattices around) have been used here. Excepting the inner temple, the rest of the temple has been built in the modern style of architecture. Building stone, Makrana marble and lime morter have been used.
People have a great faith in the temple. Atmosphere is charged with faith and devotion. All the year around devotees and visitors come to the temple to offer their homage and prayers to seek fulfilment of their wishes.
Entry to the Samadhi (tomb) is allowed without any consideration of caste and creed and religon hence people from all walks of life, all sects and communities come.
Devotees offer Sweets, Coconuts, Makhanas, Misri and cloth made horse-image on the tomb. There is a water tank also. A dip in that is considered to be efficacious for skin diseases. Some followers come from great distances on foot, while some creep on belly to reach the temple.
Two principal fairs are held every year. One fair is on a small scale and is held in January and February while the second fair is on a large scale which is held in August and September. Lacs of people visit this temple on these occasions. The large fair is held in Ramdevra attended by lakhs (thousands) of devotees from far and wide. It is held from Bhadon Sudi 2 (Beej) to 11 (Ekadashi) (in the months August to September). Devotees irrespective of caste, creed or religious affiliations, throng to Ramapir’s shrine. They pay their homage by singing Bhajans and Kirtans (Devotional songs). Visitors are not allowed to indulge in vices.
The centre of attraction is the Samadhi-Mandir, that is, the temple of Ramapir, which includes the samadhis of his parents, that is, King Ajmalji and the Queen Mata Meenaldevi. The other samadhis are of his grandfather Raja Ranjitsinhji and the elder brother Viramdevji and the two sons of Ramdevji. There are also some more Samadhis of very close family relations of Ramdveji. Detailed information can be obtained from either the Poojari of the Temple or the main Gadi-pati. In the Temple everyday the Arti times are 5.00 a.m., 9.00 a.m., 7.00 p.m., and 10.00 p.m. respectively.